top of page

Nutritional Situation in Under – 5 in “Montes De Maria”, Post-Conflict Zone in Colombia- 2017

Salcedo Mejia, Alvis Zakzuk, Orozco Africano, Ortiz Ibañez, Jervis Jalabe, Jerez Arias, Crissien Borrero, Alvis Guzman


Objectives


To estimate the nutritional status in children under 5 in “Montes de María”, a post-conflict zone in Colombia- 2017.


Methods


Cross sectional observational study that use data from a survey of 15,230 households with subsidized health care insurance. From these, 2,682 children between 0-4 years with anthropometric information from 2,183 households were included. Based on the World Health Organization standards, weight and height information were used to calculate the Z-score indicator = weight-for-height (W/H), height-for-age (H/A) and weight-for-age (W/A). Z-score categories were defined as: well fed (±2), malnourished (<-2), severely malnourished (<-3). Prevalence of nutritional states were estimated and association among children characteristics, households and nutritional status were validated through Chi-X2 test.


Results


Prevalence of low weight, acute and chronic malnutrition was 2.4%, 5.5% and 8.6% respectively. Group of 0-1 years was the most prevalent in acute (6.7%) and chronic (9.6%) malnutrition. There were significant differences in prevalence between children ages (Pr<0.001) in all of three indicators, except in the prevalence of low weight for sex (Pr<0.05). Age of the head of household (Pr=0.027), education of the head of household (Pr=0.001), education of mother (Pr=0.001), number of people in household (Pr=0.001) were significantly associated with growth retardation of children.


Conclusions


In this study, acute malnutrition is higher than national level (0.9%), being children of <1 year those who presented higher malnutrition compared with the national level. Health policies related with early childhood in vulnerable population must be improved in order to reduce these figures.


Article Info


Identification



Copyright


© 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc.

5 visualizaciones0 comentarios

Comments


bottom of page